Department of Education

Multiple Intelligence Model


Howard Gardner's Multiple Intelligences

The question is not 'how smart is this student' but 'how is this student smart?'.

Gardner's work around multiple intelligences has provided teachers with an educational model to answer this question. The model of multiple intelligences provides teachers, students and parents with the confirmation that different students have different strengths and they learn in different ways. Students' strengths and preferences affect not only the ease with which they learn but also how they can best represent what they know and understand.

'The theory of multiple intelligences was developed in 1983 by Dr. Howard Gardner, professor of education at Harvard University. It suggests that the traditional notion of intelligence, based on I.Q. testing, is far too limited. Instead, Dr. Gardner proposes eight different intelligences to account for a broader range of human potential in children and adults.'

Logical-mathematical intelligence ("number/reasoning smart")
Spatial intelligence ("picture smart")
Linguistic intelligence ("word smart")
Bodily-Kinesthetic intelligence ("body smart")
Musical intelligence ("music smart")
Interpersonal intelligence ("people smart")
Intrapersonal intelligence ("self smart")
Naturalist intelligence ("nature smart")

Dr. Thomas Armstrong (1998-2000) Multiple Intelligences article.

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Multiple Intelligence Model
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